Natural resources contested in autonomous councils: Assessing the causes of ethnic conflict in North-East India.
Sanjay Barbora, 2009
Constitutional arrangements for peripheral areas in India reflect the national government’s instrumentalist attempts at decentralising bureaucratic and administrative control in far-flung (essentially hill) areas. Karbi Anglong is one of the two hill districts in Assam where there are special constitutional provisions for indigenous ethnic groups to elect and run their own councils. The constitutional provisions allow for nominal control over forest and land by allocating certain areas of the territory to the Autonomous Council, which then re-allocates these areas to its political constituencies. This article explores the reasons why, despite the constitutional efforts at decentralisation of powers to Autonomous Councils, violence between different ethnic groups and the state continues to define the civic and political discourse in
In: Geiser U, Rist S, editors. Decentralisation Meets Local Complexity: Local Struggles, State Decentralisation and Access to Natural Resources in South Asia and Latin America. Bern: Geographica Bernensia, pp 191-215.
Land Reform and Exclusion of Poor People
Jagat Basnet, 2008
This article attempts to find a way to grant poor people's rights to the land they cultivate. It takes a look at the question of land reform in Nepal and develops suggestions for future actions ensuring sustainable peace and livelihood security. In order to do this, the historical process of land controlling, the present situation as well as the role of different institutions and organizations in securing land rights are analyzed before suggestions for future actions are made.
In: Pyakuryal KN, Upreti BR, Sharma SR, editors. Nepal: Transition to Transformation. Kathmandu: HNRSC, NCCR North-South, pp. 141-162.
Continuidades y rupturas en los procesos de construccion identitaria de los trabajadores
Osvaldo R. Battistini, 2004
Buenos Aires, Prometeo Libros
Chaco boliviano paraguayo. Desafíos en perspectiva transfronteriza
Chali O. Bazoberry , 2012
La Paz, Bolivia: Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sud-américa (IPDRS).
Conflict Transformation in Central Asia
Irrigation disputes in the Ferghana Valley
Christine Bichsel, 2008
This book provides the first systematic analysis of peace-building in Central Asia for inter-ethnic conflicts over water and land in the Ferghana Valley based on concrete, in-depth and on-site investigation. The core analysis centres on peacebuilding projects in Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan by three international aid agencies – an international NGO, a bilateral governmental donor and a multilateral agency – and the shared approach which the donors developed and used for conflict transformation. Using ethnographic case material, the author critically examines both the theoretical assumptions guiding this approach and its empirical outcomes when put into practice. Building on existing work in conflict transformation and the ethnography of international assistance in Central Asia, the book sheds light on Western attempts to transform the post-socialist societies of Central Asia and provides fresh empirical data on and insights into irrigation practices, social institutions, and state and identity formation in the Ferghana Valley.
The book was published by Routledge in its Central Asian Studies series.
Assessing "Dependency": Food Security and the Impact of Food Aid on Livelihoods in Mugu
Protected areas and indigenous peoples in Bolivia and Peru: Dilemmas, conflicts, and ways out.
Sebastien Boillat, Jamil Alca Castillo, Alex Alvarez, Valeria Biffi, Peter Larsen, Sarah-Lan Mathez-Stiefel, Dora Ponce, Stephan Rist, Elvira Serrano, 2010
Recognition of the limitations of the traditional ‘fortress approach’ to governance of protected areas has led to a new model that seeks to reconcile environmental conservation with human development and promote participation by local populations. Based on a comparative analysis of four case studies in Bolivia and Peru, the present article shows the processes, problems and potentialities that emerge from the inclusion of indigenous peoples in the governance of protected areas. It demonstrates that there are many political, economic, social and cultural obstacles to reconciling conservation with development. [...]
In: Hurni H, Wiesmann U.; with an international group of co-editors (eds). Global Change and Sustainable Development: A Synthesis of Regional Experiences from Research Partnerships. University of Bern, Switzerland: Geographica Bernensia, pp. 501-515
Struggling “Ontological Communities”: The Transformation of Conservationists’ and Peasants’ Discourses in the Tunari National Park in Bolivia
- Country Focus
- Regional Focus
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