A decade of armed conflict and livelihood insecurity in Nepal
Bishnu Raj Upreti, 2010
This chapter looks at the different sources of the decade-long armed conflict in Nepal and their interrelationship with livelihood insecurity. The complexity and interwovenness of the different causes is highlighted and their collective impact on the livelihoods of the poor and marginalised people examined.
In: Upreti BR, Müller-Böker U, editors. Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal. Kathmandu: South Asia Coordination Office, pp 9-47.
Addressing livelihood insecurity and the need for further research
Bishnu Raj Upreti, 2010
The livelihoods of people in conflict-ridden countries like Nepal are threatened by various conventional and non-conventional factors. The decade long conflict and the ongoing peace process have altered the livelihood options in Nepal, creating new options while constraining others. This Chapter highlights the need for a proper understanding of livelihoods in Nepal in the current transitional context to develop a response strategy to address livelihood insecurity and to capitalize on the opportunities brought about by the political changes in the country. It also suggests some areas for further research and analysis.
In: Upreti BR, Müller-Böker U, editors. Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal. Kathmandu: South Asia Coordination Office, pp 257-271.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Bishnu Raj Upreti, Ulrike Müller-Böker, 2010
This book looks at livelihood insecurity and social tension in Nepalese society. Conceptual links between livelihood insecurity, social tension and conflict in Nepal have seldom been made. Therefore, we examine this relationship from different perspectives. Nepalese experts, campaigners, academic and non-academic scholars engaged in the fields of public policy analysis, food rights and globalisation, livelihoods, conflict transformation and social change were invited to contribute their views and analysis. Their contributions provide the reader with a wide range of perspectives on livelihood insecurity and social conflict. Another aim of the book is to test the explanatory power of the livelihood approaches and to enrich the livelihood perspective by constructive and evidence-based criticism.
In: Upreti BR, Müller-Böker U, editors. Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal. Kathmandu: RCO South Asia, NCCR North-South, pp 1-7.
Conflict Induced Displacement:
An Emerging Phenomenon of Internal Migration in Nepal.
Bishnu Raj Upreti, Anita Bhattarai-Ghimire, 2008
In Nepal, the ten years of armed conflict between the state and the C P N (Maoists) has uprooted thousands of people from their homes and communities. They are facing tremendous difficulties.
The objective of this article is to analyze the status, trend and dilemmas faced by the IDPs, and to initiate a debate on the urgency of addressing the IDP issues.
In: Pyakuryal KN, Upreti BR, Sharma SR, editors. Nepal: Transition to Transformation. Kathmandu: HNRSC, NCCR North-South, pp. 101-139.
Land Politics and Conflict in Nepal:
Realities and Potentials for Agrarian Transformation
Bishnu Raj Upreti, Jagat Basnet, Sagar Raj Sharma, 2008
Land has always been one of the major causes of armed conflict and structural violence in Nepal. Land is also a source of feudal socio-economic structure in the country. Hence, examining land issues from these perspectives is crucially important to initiate fresh debates on the potential contribution of land reform in the transformation process and addressing the problems of landlessness in the changing political context.
This is an effort of researchers and practitioners to examine various aspects of land related issues in Nepal. This work particularly focuses on conflict and exclusion of marginalized people in access to and control of land resources and associated power dynamics in Nepal.
Bishnu Raj Upreti, Guéladio Cissé, Berhanu Debele, Anne B. Zimmermann, 2012
The challenges posed by global change processes require concerted responses from the development, research, policy, and practitioners' communities in the global North and South. A means of developing the societally relevant knowledge and holistic understanding necessary to inform such responses is through research partnerships. Research partnerships between the North and South can ensure that context-specific knowledge is generated. Transdisciplinary research partnerships can help move societies in the South and North towards more sustainable development by establishing links between research, policy, and practice. Research partnerships are a promising path to a sustainable future, but establishing and maintaining them over great distances and cultural boundaries is not without challenges.
This book is based on experiences made during a 12-year research programme, the NCCR North-South. lt highlights the factors determining the development of capacity in the South to produce knowledge for dealing with global change issues. lt describes the programme's achievements, but also the challenges it faced and its innovative responses to these challenges. In short, this book makes policy recommendations on what it takes to make research partnerships between the North and South successful. As such it is aimed at funders of research and development interventions, policymakers, development practitioners, and researchers themselves.
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Resistance Movements in Conflict Transformation and Social Change.
Bishnu Raj Upreti, 2008
The April movement of 2006 has fundamentally questioned the feudalistic, centralized and exclusionary political system presided over by the monarchy in Nepal. It has also paved the way for a broader socio-political transformation and the ushering of a federal republic structure of the state.
Based on the experiences of the 19-day-long people's peaceful resistance movement, it is argued that the conventional concept of civil society needs to be redefined based on the potential of civil movement in changing the political system and shaping the future of the nation-state. The author concludes that non-violent resistance movement has a great prospect of settling conflict and building peace.
In: Pyakuryal KN, Upreti BR, Sharma SR, editors. Nepal: Transition to Transformation. Kathmandu: HNRSC, NCCR North-South, pp. 15-48.
Bishnu Raj Upreti, Safal Ghimire, Kailash Nath Pyakuryal , Sagar Raj Sharma, 2010
State building is a highly debated topic these days, whether referring to war-torn Iraq, conflict-ridden Afghanistan, or any number of other countries facing or recovering from acute instability. Questions of physical reconstruction and socio-economic transformation are especially crucial. The issue of state building has recently gained in importance in South Asia, particularly in the aftermath of conflicts in Sri Lanka and Nepal. The Remake of a State presents expert analysis, conceptual frameworks, and case studies relevant to sustainable state building in Nepal.
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