Regional Edition East Africa No. 4
Changing times, changing places: AIDS orphans in Kisumu District, Kenya
In Kenya, little is known of the geography of HIV and AIDS at the subpopulation level, particularly spatial and temporal variations and patterns in prevalence of related orphanhood. Although Kenya has strategic plans and policies in place for prevention and management of HIV/AIDS, it has no policy on orphan care. This has resulted in insufficient care and considerable movement of orphans around the country. Understanding these changing patterns of distribution of orphans at the subpopulation level is critical for policymaking and effective use of resources for orphan care.
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Regional Edition East Africa No. 3
Helping Tanzanian teenage girls avoid pregnancy
Adolescence can be a tricky period in our lives. But for teenage girls it is especially fraught with risk. If they become pregnant, they may be ostracised by their families or spurned by society. They also have a high risk of dying during childbirth. And many are condemned to live in poverty as single mothers. That makes the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents an important public health issue. To design better policies and interventions that will steer young people towards responsible parenthood, it is necessary to know more about how adolescents learn about and deal with sex. Based on research in Tanzania, this regional edition of evidence for policy examines this sensitive issue and points out the strengths of a resilience-based approach.
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Regional Edition East Africa No. 2
Managing the commons upstream and downstream: the need to adapt institutions
Common-pool resources (forest, water, pasture) are key livelihood assets for rural communities in the mountains and adjoining lowlands of Tanzania. Local upstream and downstream communities traditionally had institutions governing access and setting flexible boundaries around resources. They enabled shared, coordinated resource use. But introduction of government institutions demarcating new boundaries has led to fragmentation of resource management, harming rural livelihoods and the sustainability of the resources. This edition of evidence for policy recommends adapting the institutions to reflect resource flows and boundaries as well as empower the local level.
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Regional Edition East Africa No. 1
Overcoming bottlenecks in water management in the Pangani Basin
Managing water resources in the Pangani Basin in northern Tanzania in a coordinated, effective, and equitable way is vital both for the livelihood strategies of the communities living in the basin and for Tanzania’s economic growth. But the competing interests of multiple stakeholders and disharmony between customary and statutory regulations increase the likelihood of conflicts over water use. This issue of evidence for policy recommends creation of water user associations as a means of harmonising customary and statutory regulations and reconciling interests among different stakeholders at the grassroots level.
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